Marshall Clagett, 89, of Princeton, died October 21. Professor Emeritus in the School of Historical Studies at the Institute for Advanced Study, his academic home for the past four decades, he was one of the world's leading historians of medieval science, in particular the work and influence of Archimedes.
The author of more than a dozen volumes on the history of science and mathematics, his lifetime of work was marked by rigorous research and scholarship on the continuity of the history of science from antiquity, through Byzantium and Islam to the medieval and Renaissance West. He was twice a Member in the Institute's School of Historical Studies, in 1958-59 and in 1963, and was appointed to the faculty in 1964. He has been Professor Emeritus since 1986.
"Marshall Clagett brought an intensity and vitality to his field of study," said Peter Goddard, Director of the Institute for Advanced Study. "His influential body of work has had an indelible impact on the history of medieval science, and the depth and clarity of his scholarship has enlightened our understanding of subject areas as diverse as medieval physics and Egyptology. He will be greatly missed by the Institute."
Prof. Clagett's most recent work at the Institute focused on science in ancient Egypt, for which he has made extensive use of computers for the interpretation of hieroglyphics. At the time of his death, he was working on the fourth and final volume of Ancient Egyptian Science. In 1989, Volume I of this text received the John Frederick Lewis Prize of the American Philosophical Society, and marked the second time Prof. Clagett received the prize. He was first awarded it in 1981 for Volumes II and IV of his seminal work, Archimedes in the Middle Ages.
Known for his genial manner, Prof. Clagett employed a meticulous style in his research and was uncompromising in his careful translations and interpretations of ancient texts. He is perhaps best known for his landmark ten-tome, five-volume work, Archimedes in the Middle Ages, which was published over a period of 20 years.
Born in Washington, D.C., he began his undergraduate education in 1933 at the California Institute of Technology, transferring in 1935 to George Washington University. There he completed both his A.B. and a Master of Arts in 1937. In 1941, he received his Ph.D. in history from Columbia University, with a thesis in the history of science. From that year until 1946, he served in the United States Navy, beginning his military career as an Ensign and completing it as a Lieutenant Commander, after which he returned to Columbia as an instructor in history and the history of science.
Before his appointment to the faculty of the Institute for Advanced Study, he served as professor of the History of Science, and later Vilas Research Professor, in the Department of History of Science at the University of Wisconsin between 1947 and 1964, where he was also director of the University's Institute for Research in the Humanities from 1959 to 1964. He was instrumental in making Wisconsin an important center for the study of the history of science, and in shaping critical thinking in the field.
His work was recognized with numerous awards. In 1981, he received the Alexandre Koyré Medal of the International Academy of the History of Science for Archimedes in the Middle Ages. In 1995, he was awarded one of two newly-created Giovanni Dondi dall'Orologio European Prizes in the History of Science, Technology, and Industry, given in recognition of a lifetime of scholarship in the history of science. In presenting the 35th annual International Galileo Galilei Prize in 1996, given by the Award Foundation of the Italian Rotary for outstanding contributions by a foreign scholar to the study and diffusion of Italian culture, Prof. Tristano Bolelli, President of the Award Foundation, said of Prof. Clagett, "In his long and industrious scholarly life in the history of science he has drawn an exacting picture, rich and suggestive, of the European scientific and philosophical culture from the Duecento to Galileo, one in which he has amply and fittingly documented the essential contribution of Italian civilization."
A fellow of the Medieval Academy of America and past president of the History of Science Society, he was a member and former vice president of the American Philosophical Society. He was also a member of the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Geschichte der Medizin, Naturwissenschaft und Technik, and the International Academy of the History of Science, which he served as vice president from 1968 to 1971.
He is survived by his wife, Sue Riley Clagett of Princeton; a daughter, Kathleen Williams of Towson, Md.; two sons, Dennis of Nyon, Switzerland and Michael of Yardley, Pa.; a half-brother, Brice Clagett of Washington, D.C.; and five grandchildren.
John W. Kalajian, 80, of Princeton, died October 26 at the University Medical Center at Princeton.
Born in Princeton, he was a lifelong resident.
A U.S. Army veteran of World War II, he fought at the Battle of the Bulge.
He retired after many years at Princeton University as a machinist in the Physics Department. He was also a cellist and teacher in Princeton for many years, and a member of Dutch Neck Presbyterian Church.
The son of the late Herbert and Helen Kalajian, he is survived by two daughters, Susan Ranallo of Ewing Township and Jocelyn Kalajian of Mahtomedi, Minn.; three sisters, Eleanor Kalajian of Trenton, Louise Pickering of California, and Lorraine Kalajian of Trenton; and three grandchildren.
A memorial service will be held this Sunday, November 6 at 3 p.m. at The Mather-Hodge Funeral Home, 40 Vandeventer Avenue.
Memorial contributions may be made to the American Cancer Society of New Jersey Mercer County Chapter, 3076 Princeton Pike, Law-renceville 08648.
Marjorie Montagu, 99, of Princeton, died October 30 at Merwick.
Born in Weston, Mass., she attended art school and went on to fashion silver jewelry, paint watercolors, and create wire sculptings.
On a return trip aboard the Carmania from a summer job in France she met her future husband, the late anthropologist, Ashely Montagu. They lived in New York, Philadelphia, and Princeton with three children.
She is survived by a son, Geoffrey of Lawrenceville; two daughters, Barbara Johnstone of Princeton and Audrey Murphy of Sturbridge, Mass.; four grandchildren; and two great-grandchildren.
In lieu of flowers, memorial contributions may be made to S.A.V.E., 900 Herrontown Road, Princeton.
Arrangements are under the direction of The Mather-Hodge Funeral Home.
Elizabeth Neilson, 78, of Princeton, died October 29 at home. The cause of death was lung cancer.
Born in New York City, she was a graduate of Holy Cross Academy and attended Hunter College in New York as an English major.
She moved to Princeton with her two daughters after her divorce from David H. Neilson in 1968. She worked briefly at Gallup and Robinson and McGraw-Hill before joining Educational Testing Service, where she remained until her retirement. She attended Rutgers University at night during those years, changing her major from English to History and graduating with honors in 1978.
She had a lifelong interest in many subjects, particularly the French language, politics, and social justice. She was active in the peace and civil rights movements, joining in demonstrations over a 40-year span.
Soon after her arrival in Princeton, she began to study French in Madame Archer's class, later taught by Dominique Wenzel, and remained an active member of the group until her death.
She will be remembered as a person of great curiosity, active and full of life, who enhanced the lives of many. She was often seen walking or found in her garden, where she spent many an afternoon.
Predeceased by two brothers earlier this year, Howard and Robert Hughes, she is survived by two daughters, Deborah Lynn Ward of Asheville, N.C. and Suzanne Carol Neilson of Princeton; two brothers, Frank and James Hughes of Wiccoppe, N.Y.; a sister, Virginia Kaminsky of Wiccoppe; and six grandchildren.
A memorial service will be held at 11 a.m. November 12 at the Unitarian Universalist Church of Princeton, 50 Cherry Hill Road, conducted by her son-in-law, The Rev. Mark Ward.
Memorial donations may be made to the United Nations Association of the United States of America, 801 Second Avenue, New York, N.Y. 10017.
Martha Smith Reed, of Skillman and Westhampton Beach, N.Y., died October 22 after a brief illness.
Born in New Hampshire and raised in Whitinsville, Mass., she lived in New York City for many years before moving to Princeton in 1985 when Merrill Lynch opened offices on Scudders Mill Road. She moved to Stonebridge in Skillman in 2004.
She graduated magna cum laude from Mount Holyoke College with a degree in economics. She joined Merrill Lynch in 1954 and worked in various areas of security analysis and investment management. At the time of her retirement in 1992 she was vice president and senior fund manager responsible for high grade fixed income mutual funds.
Following her retirement she enjoyed extensive international travel and spent summers at her home in Westhampton Beach. She was an active bridge player.
She was a member of Nassau Church and a long-term volunteer at Crisis Ministry of Princeton and Trenton. Most recently she served as co-chair of that organization's steering committee.
She was also a member of the Present Day Club and P.E.O., and a member and past president of the Mount Holyoke Club of Princeton.
She is survived by two sisters, Rebecca Pritchard of Denver, Colo., and Nancy Tillett of Wilmington, N.C.
A memorial service was held October 28 at Nassau Church.
Memorial contributions may be sent to Crisis Ministry of Princeton and Trenton, 123 East Hanover Street, Trenton; or to Mount Holyoke Alumnae Fund, South Hadley, Mass.
Arrangements were by The Mather-Hodge Funeral Home.
H. Guy Smith, 83, of West Windsor, died October 29 at Bear Creek Assisted Living in West Windsor.
Born in Bethlehem, Pa., he lived in Hillsborough for 35 years before moving to West Windsor nearly four years ago.
He was a navigator in the U.S. Army Air Corps in World War II, where he earned a Purple Heart and the Distinguished Flying Cross Medal while serving in campaigns in the European Theater and over Normandy.
He was a graduate of Colby College in Waterville, Maine, with a B.S. degree in business. He retired as a controller in the Research and Development Department of Bristol-Myers Squibb after more than 20 years of service.
He was an active parishioner of St. Paul's Church, where he coached in the youth basketball program of St. Paul's School.
Son of the late Margaret Gallagher Smith and Peter F. Smith, he was the youngest of ten children, and was predeceased by eight of his brothers and sisters. He is survived by his wife of 53 years, Mary Glenn Smith; a son, Timothy of New Brunswick; four daughters, Leslie Taulbee of Westchester, Ohio, Pamela Farr of Hopewell, Kathleen Lynch of Princeton, and Maureen Shuck of Garrett Park, Md.; a sister, Helen Smoll of Pennsylvania; and 15 grandchildren.
A Mass of Christian Burial will be celebrated at 11 a.m. tomorrow, Thursday, November 3 at St. Paul's Church, 214 Nassau Street. Entombment will follow in Holy Cross Burial Park in Jamesburg.
Calling hours will be 7 to 9 p.m. Wednesday, November 2 and 9:30 to 10:30 a.m. Thursday at The Kimble Funeral Home, 1 Hamilton Avenue.
In lieu of flowers, memorial contributions may be made to Hospice Memorial Fund, 208 Bunn Drive, Princeton 08540.
Vincent M. Tufano, 64, of Princeton, died October 25 at the Hospital of the University Of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.
Born in Princeton, he lived most of his life in Princeton. He spent 20 years in Myrtle Beach, S.C., before returning to Princeton four years ago.
A graduate of Princeton High School, he retired from the Princeton Township Road Division.
An avid golfer and bowler, he was also a member of the Princeton Elks and St. Paul's Church.
He is survived by his wife, Julia Neary Tufano; a son, Michael of Seattle, Wash.; a daughter, Roseann Murphy of Chalfont, Pa.; three brothers, Richard, John, and Frank; and two grandchildren.
The funeral was October 28 at The Mather-Hodge Funeral Home. A Mass of Christian Burial was celebrated at St. Paul's Church.
Burial was in Princeton Cemetery.
Albert M. Venta, 79, of Pascagoula, Miss., formerly of Princeton, died October 27 at Singing River Hospital in Pascagoula.
Born in Princeton, he had been a Princeton resident all of his life before retiring to Pascagoula in 1989.
He was a veteran of World War II, serving with the U.S. Marine Corps in China.
He was employed for 38 years as a letter carrier for the U.S. Postal Service, delivering from the Princeton Post Office.
He was a member of the Princeton Italian American Sportsmen Club, the Citizens Club, and the Princeton Elks Lodge.
Son of the late Josephine and Innocenzo Venta Sr., he was predeceased by his wife, Doris E. Venta, and two brothers, Innocenzo Jr. and Louis, who was killed in action in World War II. He is survived by a daughter, Gloria A. Venta of Granada Hills, Calif.; two sisters, his twin, Lydia Pfister of East Lansing, Mich., and Helen "Sandy" Perone of Skillman; and one granddaughter.
The funeral service will be at 8:45 a.m. this Friday, November 4 at The Kimble Funeral Home, 1 Hamilton Avenue. A Mass of Christian Burial will be celebrated at 9:30 a.m. at St. Paul's Church, 214 Nassau Street. Interment will follow in St. Paul's Cemetery, with military honors.
Calling hours will be Thursday, November 3 from 2 to 4 p.m. and 7 to 9 p.m. at the funeral home.
Memorial contributions may be made to Disabled American Veterans, National Headquarters, P.O. Box 14301, Cincinnati, Ohio 45250; or to the Salvation Army, 575 East State Street, Trenton 08609.